The Short History of Istanbul’s Conquest
Panorama 1453 Museum Entrance Fee & Opening Hours
After the Ottoman Empire was founded as a chiefdom in 1299, it began to seize the most important cities of the Byzantine Empire one by one. Bursa, known as “Prussa”, and Iznik, known as “Nicea”, are the first important cities taken from the Byzantine Empire.
Ottoman Empire’s First Capital: Bursa
The Ottoman Empire declared Bursa as their capital since it was an important city and initiated city planning immediately. The most important feature of Bursa in history is that it witnessed the Ottoman’s transition from a simple chiefdom to a state.
This is also the city where the Ottoman Empire created architecture in their own style rather than the Seljuk style architecture from whom they inherited the Central Asian origin architecture style.
Ottoman Empire’s Second Capital: Edirne
The most important city seized after Bursa was Edirne, also known as “Adrianople”. The Ottomans moved the capital from Bursa to Edirne as they thought Edirne was in a more crucial location.
Edirne was in an excellent position for the Ottoman Empire that wanted to manage the campaigns they planned to launch in the Balkans. The foundations of expansion policy to Europe that lasted until the attempts to conquer Vienne were laid as early as Sultan Murad I era.
The 3rd Capital of Ottoman Empire: Istanbul (Constantinople)
The conquest of Istanbul by the Ottoman Empire could have become a reality in Sultan Bayezid I era as well. They tried it, but they failed as the circumstances were not suitable.
In fact, Asian (Anadolu) Fortress opposite to European (Rumeli) Fortress, built by Sultan Mehmed II, was built by Sultan Bayezid I. However, as Bayezid I lost the Battle of Ankara (1402) he fought against the Mongolian Amir Timur, he didn’t have a chance to focus on that task.
Finally, during Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror‘s (Mehmed II) era, the 7th Sultan of the empire, Constantinople was surrounded at all hands and the city fell in the end. Istanbul had a long history and it was important due to a few reasons:
- The first reason was it was the only passage that connected the Black Sea to open seas.
- The second reason was that it was a port city where the valuable goods brought from Silk Road (from China) and Spice Road (from India) were gathered. These goods were transported to Europe via ships by the Genoese and Venetians later.
The conquest of Istanbul made the Ottomans’ transition from a state to empire possible and, therefore, it holds a very important place in Turkey’s history. Thus, Panorama 1453 History Museum plays a big role in visualizing this important historical incident.
Painting that depicts the Fall of Constantinople
Information About The Museum
Panorama 1453 History Museum was founded by Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality in 2009 in Topkapi Culture Park. It took eight years of non-stop work of eight artists to create this work.
The mastermind behind this idea is a painter and cartoon director named Hasim Vatandas. He was also the coordinator of this project.
What To See at Panorama 1453 History Museum?
Panorama 1453 History Museum is composed of two sections and the first section directs the visitors to the panoramic image from the entrance. Panorama 1453 Permanent Exhibition is located on that direction.
In the exhibition, the conquest is illustrated from the beginning of the foundation of Istanbul and the details of the siege and the conquest are given. Following these phases, Sultan Mehmed II’s life is explained and the details of construction activities in the city are illustrated.
The wars that happened during the conquest of Istanbul (1453 A.D.) is illustrated with original miniatures, gravures, and pictures of the war.
At the end of the exhibition where the conquest is portrayed from today’s perspective, the platform where the panoramic picture can be seen. This platform covers an area of 2350 square meters and the picture was applied to a hemisphere of 38 meters. And what makes Panorama 1453 History Museum different from other panoramic museums around the world is that it gives the feeling of three dimensions.
Moreover, there is a Helicopter Simulation section in the museum. This simulation is composed of 3D helicopter and a land shooting which is enriched by realistic wind, rain, snow and touching effects. You can take Istanbul tour a tour around any city in Turkey.
At the end of your Panorama 1453 Museum visit, I suggest you buy a medallion on top of which Sultan Mehmed II’s signature and the museum’s logo is printed.
You can buy a small medallion for 3 Turkish Liras a piece from a machine.
Panorama 1453 Museum Entrance Fee 2019
Panorama 1453 Museum admission fee is 15 Turkish Liras. You can visit Panorama 1453 History Museum with your Istanbul Museum Pass for free. You can buy your ticket by cash and you should keep in mind that foreign currencies are invalid here.
If you wish to experience the helicopter simulation, you will be charged separately.
Panorama 1453 Museum Opening Hours 2019
Panorama 1453 History Museum visiting hours every day between 08:00 – 17:00.
Where is Panorama 1453 Museum and How to Go There?
Panorama 1453 History Museum is on the European side of Istanbul and in Zeytinburnu district. You can reach the museum easily by taking public transport to Topkapi direction. The museum is at Merkez Efendi Neighborhood and inside Topkapi Culture Museum.
You can also walk to the museum by getting off at Topkapi Station on Kabatas-Bagcilar T1 Tram Line. You can also prefer taking a bus that passes by Topkapi.
If you wish to take a Metrobus, you can walk through the park after you get off at Topkapi Station and walk to the museum.
Official Website of the Museum: https://www.panoramikmuze.com/en
Panorama 1453 Museum Entrance Fee Blog Article By Serhat Engul