Byzantine Empire (Eastern Romans)
Byzantine Empire Facts, Religion, Flag, Art
The Byzantine Empire is “the eastern half” of the Ancient Roman Empire. In 395 A.D. Emperor Theodosius the Great, divided the Roman Empire between his two sons.
Western Rome was given to Honorius, and the Eastern Rome was given to Arcadius. Literally Roman Empire was split in two parts. This was the beginning of the longest-living empire of the World: Byzantine Empire.
Division Of Roman Empire East And West Map
Byzantine Empire Facts
Story Of Western Roman Empire And The Ruler Honorius
Honorius had actually picked the short straw! Western Roman Empire was in great trouble. It was surrounded by barbarians and invaders. The West was short in supply, food, money etc. Therefore it could not live too long. Collapsed in 476 A.D. Only after 81 years after the division.
Western Roman Empire Dominated The Europe
Story Of Eastern Roman Empire And The Ruler Arcadius
Arcadius was more lucky. He had the Constantinople as the capital. Safe and naturally defended place against Barbarian invasions. Eastern Roman Empire became wealthy since it’s located in the center of old trade routes.
Silk and spice, distributed to Europe from Constantinople‘s port. Distribution business held by Italian colonies: Cenoa and Venice. Byzantine Emperors made a fortune from taxation.
Constantinople The Capital Of Eastern Roman Empire
Why Eastern Roman Empire Named As Byzantine Empire Afterwards?
Altough the Roman Empire‘s state lenguage was Latin, the Eastern provinces had always communicated in Greek lenguage. The Eastern part of Rome had always blended with Ancient Greek-Hellenic culture even tough they had been a province of Rome for long years.
When the Empire had been split by Theodosius, the East released from the domination of Latin culture. Soon afterwards, the state lenguage became Greek. Therefore they developed a different culture.
Historians wanted to define it with a new name: Byzantine Empire. The origins of the word: Byzantine, comes from the first name of Istanbul in ancient times: Byzantium.
Byzantine Empire Religion Orthodox Christianity
The Roman Empire had been united under one religion by Constantine the Great in 300s. However the East and West separated as Catholic and Orthodox. The reason was the difference of Roman and Greek cultures and lenguages. Of course the difference between the legacy of Romulus and Alexander the Great.
The Patriarch Of Constantinople – Byzantine Empire Religious Authority
Byzantine Empire At Its Height Under Justinian
Byzantine Empire reached to its peak point by the time of Justinian. Constantinople was the most civilized city of the World under Justinian’s rule. They built Hagia Sophia, the largest temple in the World.
Byzantine Empire Under The Rule Of Justinian 527-565
Byzantine Empire Flag Double Headed Eagle
The Byzantine Empire inherited a great deal of symbols from Roman Empire. The major symbol of the flag was one of them: The Eagle. However the Byzantine Eagle shows a different charachter. The double headed eagle proves the Empire as the supreme power of East and West.
Byzantine Empire Flag – The Double Headed Eagle
Byzantine Empire Art The Religious Mosaics, Frescoes, Icons
Byzantine Empire created a splendid religious artwork. They were famous for the religious mosaics, frescoes and Icons. You may see the best Byzantine artwork in Istanbul and Ravenna. The churches from the time of Justinian: Hagia Sophia, Basilica of St. Vitale have breath-taking mosaics left from Byzantine times.
Deesis Mosaic Of Hagia Sophia
Chora Church Mosaics And Frescoes
Chora Church is also considered as one of the best place to see Byzantine mosaics. The mosaics are dating back to 13th Century and perfectly-preserved. The life story of Jesus Christ and Virgin Mary can be still seen on the walls.
Byzantine Art – The Frescoes in the Chora Church
More Information About Byzantine Empire
- Byzantine Monuments in Istanbul
- History of Double Headed Eagle
- Hagia Sophia Mosaics
- Byzantine Empire Short History
- Emperor Justinian Of Byzantine Empire
- Emperor Constantine And Constantinople
- Rise Of The Byzantine Empire
- Byzantine Empire Map
Byzantine Empire Facts, Religion, Flag, Art Blog Article By Serhat Engul